Friday, 19/08/2022 - 11:50

War and peace. Author: Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy

03:17 | 20/06/2022

War and Peace is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy, published serially, then in its entirety in 1869. It is regarded as a central work of world literature and one of Tolstoy’s finest literary achievements.

The novel chronicles the French invasion of Russia and the impact of the Napoleonic era on Tsarist society through the stories of five Russian aristocratic families. Portions of an earlier version, titled The Year 1805,were serialized in The Russian Messenger from 1865 to 1867, then published in its entirety in 1869.

Tolstoy said War and Peace is “not a novel, even less is it a poem, and still less a historical chronicle.” Large sections, especially the later chapters, are philosophical discussion rather than narrative.[6] Tolstoy also said that the best Russian literature does not conform to standards and hence hesitated to call War and Peace a novel. Instead, he regarded Anna Karenina as his first true novel. The Encyclopædia Britannica states: “It can be argued that no single English novel attains the universality of the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy’s War and Peace”

CONTENTS

Book one: 1805

Book two: 1805

Book three: 1805

Book four: 1806

Book five: 1806Chapter07

Book six: 1808 – 1810

Book seven: 1810Chapter11

Book eight: 1811Chapter12

Book nine: 1812

Book ten: 1812

Book eleven: 1812

Book twelve: 1812

Book thirteen: 1812

Book fourteen: 1812

Book fifteen: 1812 -1813

First epilogue: 1813 – 1820

Second epilogue



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